Primary License Charge (PLC) | A method of payment of certain IBM software products, usually as part of a PLC/ALC (Primary License Charge/ Annual License Charge) agreement. AusI (single authorized user installation) | One of IBM`s metrics. The AUSI metric is a development of the “Authorized Users” metric with a limitation of the number of installations installed. The licensee must receive separate and dedicated privileges for each authorized user who directly or indirectly accesses the program at each facility. An example of a product that can be licensed with the AUSI metric: IBM Informix Growth Edition V11.70. End User Licensing Agreement (BAL) | An agreement between the software provider and the end user. This agreement explains the rights and restrictions related to the relationship of use of the software. Undercapacity (SubCap, virtualization capability) | SubCap (or in IBM`s modern concept: virtualization capability) is a way to count processor cores in the PVU and P/RVU metrics by calculating PUS and P/RVU. With SubCap, IBM customers can license a program in a virtualized environment for less than full capacity, if the program is authorized, if virtualization technology is authorized, if the underlying hardware is licensed, and the IBM client has met SubCap requirements for each subCap eligible server for more than 24 months. Meeting SubCap`s requirements is a challenge – IBM customers should consult an IBM licensing expert for external support. This session opens with a brief discussion on the licensing types of IBM software and their management within an MLC price-based ELA. Audit (licensing Compliance Audit – Compliance Review – Self-Assessment) | An IBM customer`s compliance/licensing incompliance.

IBM has implemented an extensive audit program around the world, with the help of external auditors such as KPMG and Deloitte (see and for program details). These compliance audits are the identification and subsequent compensation for un conceded software that has been discovered. | virtualization A technology used for the flexibility and scalability of the infrastructure and which abstracts the physical device. When multiple devices are collected, the resources of all physical devices are grouped into a common resource available to virtualized environments. IBM proposes the undercapacity rule (SubCap) for the calculation of the license to compete only in the virtualized environment (Virtual Machine VM or Partition Logical LPAR). However, IBM customers have no right to the undercapacity system unless they meet SubCap`s requirements for 24 months on each server that must be licensed with SubCap. The breakdown of requirements destroys the mandatory duration of 24 months – and the period starts at zero for an additional 24 months. NPI has worked with our customers to evaluate their changes under the Enterprise License Agreement and has identified numerous cases of significant “loss of value” in license swets. Some have lost more than 70% of their license value during this type of transaction, but continue to pay the same maintenance fees. IBM does not want to provide transparency on the value of licenses as part of the swap changes.

This can lead to an imbalance and pay too much to customers for new licenses. IBM will be creative in allocating costs to the new coin list to get all of the maintenance revenue. Considering that IBM sells different types of products with different types of licenses, there are also different licensing information documents.